Fossil Energy Update

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Fossil Energy Update


Fossil Energy Update
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Fossil Energy Update


Fossil Energy Update
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Author :
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1976



Fossil Energy Update written by and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1976 with Fossil fuels categories.




Fossil Energy Update


Fossil Energy Update
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Author :
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1976



Fossil Energy Update written by and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1976 with categories.




Fossil Energy


Fossil Energy
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Author : Ripudaman Malhotra
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-12



Fossil Energy written by Ripudaman Malhotra and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-12-12 with Technology & Engineering categories.


The word sustainability shares its root with sustenance. In the context of modern society, sustenance is inextricably linked to the use of energy. Fossil Energy provides an authoritative reference on all aspects of this key resource, which currently represents nearly 85% of global energy consumption. Gathering 16 peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, the chapters provide comprehensive, yet concise coverage of fundamentals and current areas of research. Written by recognized authorities in the field, this volume represents an essential resource for scientists and engineers working on the development of energy resources, fossil or alternative, and reflects the essential role of energy supplies in supporting a sustainable future.

International Energy Outlook


International Energy Outlook
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Author :
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1999



International Energy Outlook written by and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1999 with Energy consumption categories.




Fossil Energy Update


Fossil Energy Update
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Author :
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1977



Fossil Energy Update written by and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1977 with Fossil fuels categories.




Still Not Getting Energy Prices Right A Global And Country Update Of Fossil Fuel Subsidies


Still Not Getting Energy Prices Right A Global And Country Update Of Fossil Fuel Subsidies
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Author : Ian Parry
language : en
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date : 2021-09-24



Still Not Getting Energy Prices Right A Global And Country Update Of Fossil Fuel Subsidies written by Ian Parry and has been published by International Monetary Fund this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-09-24 with Business & Economics categories.


This paper provides a comprehensive global, regional, and country-level update of: (i) efficient fossil fuel prices to reflect their full private and social costs; and (ii) subsidies implied by mispricing fuels. The methodology improves over previous IMF analyses through more sophisticated estimation of costs and impacts of reform. Globally, fossil fuel subsidies were $5.9 trillion in 2020 or about 6.8 percent of GDP, and are expected to rise to 7.4 percent of GDP in 2025. Just 8 percent of the 2020 subsidy reflects undercharging for supply costs (explicit subsidies) and 92 percent for undercharging for environmental costs and foregone consumption taxes (implicit subsidies). Efficient fuel pricing in 2025 would reduce global carbon dioxide emissions 36 percent below baseline levels, which is in line with keeping global warming to 1.5 degrees, while raising revenues worth 3.8 percent of global GDP and preventing 0.9 million local air pollution deaths. Accompanying spreadsheets provide detailed results for 191 countries.

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large An Update Based On Country Level Estimates


Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large An Update Based On Country Level Estimates
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Author : Mr.David Coady
language : en
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date : 2019-05-02



Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large An Update Based On Country Level Estimates written by Mr.David Coady and has been published by International Monetary Fund this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-05-02 with Business & Economics categories.


This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue considerations), for 191 countries. Globally, subsidies remained large at $4.7 trillion (6.3 percent of global GDP) in 2015 and are projected at $5.2 trillion (6.5 percent of GDP) in 2017. The largest subsidizers in 2015 were China ($1.4 trillion), United States ($649 billion), Russia ($551 billion), European Union ($289 billion), and India ($209 billion). About three quarters of global subsidies are due to domestic factors—energy pricing reform thus remains largely in countries’ own national interest—while coal and petroleum together account for 85 percent of global subsidies. Efficient fossil fuel pricing in 2015 would have lowered global carbon emissions by 28 percent and fossil fuel air pollution deaths by 46 percent, and increased government revenue by 3.8 percent of GDP.