The fourth edition of this comprehensive history of photography has been thoroughly revised and updated. Spanning the entire history of the medium from its early development to current practice and providing a focused understanding of the cultural contexts in which photographers have lived and worked throughout this remains an all-encompassing survey. Mary Warner Marien discusses photography from a truly global viewpoint and looks at a wide-ranging collection of images through the lenses of art science travel war fashion the mass media and individual photographers. In addition to representing the established canon of Europe and the United States key work from Latin America Africa India Russia China and Japan is also included. Professional amateur and art photographers are all discussed with Portrait boxes devoted to highlighting important individuals and Focus boxes charting particular cultural debates. New additions to this fourth edition include an overview of photographys involvement in conceptual art a detailed review of the photographic work of artist Ed Ruscha and new material on European Worker Photography during the 1920s and 30s. Many new pictures have been added throughout the book including superior versions of historical photographs and recent images from contemporary photographers including Walead Beshty Youssef Nabil Lalla Essaydi and Ryan McGinley. A rich and vivid account of the history of photography placed in an essential cultural context this indispensable book shows how photography has charted shaped and sharpened our perception of the world.